The landscape today is an essential dimension of city planning and urban projects. For instance, it is a cross-cuting issue in the process of implementation of infrastructure (ex.: highways), in approaches aiming to protect the natural environment or in contexts with biodiversity. Recent years have been particularly successful in the development of tools for reading and landscape analysis supporting and assisting public and private stakeholders forced to meet the growing demands populations to better take into account the new requirements in terms of landscape. On the legislative front, the recent adoption of the Law on Cultural Heritage (2011), the diagnosis of physical and cultural characteristics of the territories to become a prerequisite for the granting of promotion of "cultural landscape heritage." In addition, many regional governments rely increasingly on the quality of landscapes and living environments to reinvigorate their development both in terms of real estate, tourism and in terms of new economic activities. This context poses new challenges in terms of approaches, methods and tools for characterization of dimensions (ex: visual, environmental, identity, heritage, etc.) feeding landscape diagnosis.
This course presents the essential concepts of basic and proven methods useful to conduct diagnostic landscape, landscape preliminary step to any action that is intended on a sensitive context. It builds on the results of research activities for nearly twenty years at the Chair in Landscape and Environmental Design at University of Montreal (CPEUM) and its recent publications which adress the characterization and management of landscapes in Quebec:
- Domon, G., Beaudet, G. et Joly, M., 2000. Évolution du territoire laurentidien : caractérisation et gestion des paysages. Isabelle Quentin éditeur, Saint-Hyacinthe et Paris.
- Paquette, S., Poullaouec-Gonidec, P. et Domon, G., 2008. Guide de gestion des paysages au Québec. Lire, comprendre et valoriser le paysage. Ministère de la Culture, des Communications et de la Condition féminine, Chaire en paysage et environnement de l’Université de Montréal et Chaire UNESCO en paysage et environnement de l’Université de Montréal, Québec.
- Poullaouec-Gonidec, P. et Paquette, S., 2011. Montréal en paysages, Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal.
- Ruiz, J., Domon, G., Jambon, C., Paquin, C., Rousselle-Brosseau, L.-P., 2012. Connaître et comprendre les paysages d’aujourd’hui pour penser ceux de demain. Le diagnostic paysager de la MRC des Maskoutains. Chaire en paysage et environnement de l’Université de Montréal.
This course aims to introduce the undergraduate students of the landscape architecture program to the knowledge and technical tools needed to conduct approaches for characterization of landscapes. The expected objective, in terms of learning, is to bring the students to gain knowledge on a variety of proven landscape characterization methods and to an understanding of their possible applications on any context or situation.
This course is organized around two exams as well as teamwork. The last project is the realization of a landscape charactherization project on a specific sector in the Montréal area.